The period since then has been marked by intermittent conflicts, including a lengthy civil war against the Lord's Resistance Army in the Northern Region, which has caused hundreds of thousands of casualties.The official languages are English and Swahili, although "any other language may be used as a medium of instruction in schools or other educational institutions or for legislative, administrative or judicial purposes as may be prescribed by law." British commercial interests were ardent to protect the trade route of the Nile, which prompted the British government to annex Buganda and adjoining territories to create the Uganda Protectorate in 1894.Colonial governors had failed to come up with a formula that worked.This was further complicated by Buganda’s nonchalant attitude to its relationship with the central government.An additional seat was allocated to the Attorney General which was given to a Buganda UPC supporter – Godfrey Binaisa.The UPC now had 44 of the 92 parliamentary seats as Uganda celebrated independence, still short of a majority and dependant on KY to rule.
The party however remained a loose alliance of interests but Obote showed great skill at negotiating them into a common ground based on a federal formula.
The bitterness between these two parties was extremely intense especially as the first elections for the post-Colonial parliament approached.
The Kabaka particularly disliked the DP leader, Benedicto Kiwanuka.
In the pre-Independence elections, the UPC ran no candidates in Buganda and won 37 of the 61 directly elected seats (outside Buganda). The "special status" granted to Buganda meant that the 21 Buganda seats were elected by proportional representation reflecting the elections to the Buganda parliament – the Lukikko.
KY won a resounding victory over DP, winning all 21 seats.